Athletics, from the word Athlos meaning a rewarded race, was compulsory for boys from the time of Solon. Young people exercised in the palaistrae (from the verb παλαίω = to exercise) naked, which is why the palaistrae were also called gymnasia. The teacher of gymnastics, the paedotribes, was responsible for the training and the meticulous observance of the rules of the various sports. This wine vase depicts a boxing scene. The athletes are watched by the paedotribes, who is supported by a stick, ready to intervene if the rules of the sport are broken. Between the two athletes hang the leather thongs that were wrapped around their hands, reminiscent of today’s boxing gloves.